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Pain

Pain Pain

Joint, muscle and neuropathic pain

Pain is the most common reason for which a patient seeks medical care. It is defined as an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with a real or potential tissue injury. Without pain we could suffer serious injuries without realising or noticing a health problem requiring treatment. 

Types of pain

It is usually classified by its duration as acute, chronic and irruptive, and by its triggering cause as nociceptive and neuropathic. Nociceptive pain, such as musculoskeletal pain for example, is a normal physiological self-protective response. It is a consequence of the stimulation of pain receptors both in healthy tissue (acute and vital pain to prevent or minimise damage) and in tissue with a pathological condition (for instance, pain in a joint affected by osteoarthritis). However, neuropathic pain is an abnormal physiological response. It is the pain caused by a physical or functional injury in the pain transmission pathways (nerves) at any site in the nervous system. 

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