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Gynaecology

Gynaecology Gynaecology

Vaginal discomfort

As with the skin, the genital area in women has a defence system against external aggressions. The thickness of the vaginal epithelium, its degree of desquamation, and vaginal secretion constitute the physical barrier (by removal), whilst the ecosystem of the vaginal flora (mainly of the genus Lactobacillus) constitutes the chemical barrier, which due to the production of an acidic pH, protects it from other pathogenic microorganisms. 

Vulvovaginitis

This epithelium and vaginal flora do not have constant properties throughout a woman's life. Instead, they undergo physiological changes with age as a result of hormonal changes (from when they are newborns until menopause). There are other conditions that promote a vaginal imbalance, such as diabetes mellitus, a very active sexual life, pharmacological therapies (oral contraceptives, antibiotics, etc.), poor hygiene and exposure to irritants (unsuitable intimate hygiene products).

 

These disorders contribute to the onset of vaginal mucosa that is susceptible to irritation, inflammation and even infection. Vulvitis or vulvovaginitis is an inflammation of the genital area, usually occurring in combination with diverse symptoms, such as burning, itching, pain on urination and abnormal vaginal secretion, amongst others.

 

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