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Ophthalmology Ophthalmology

Dry eyes

Today, dry eye disease (also known as dry eye syndrome, keratoconjunctivitis sicca, keratitis sicca or xerophthalmia) is one of the pathologies most frequently seen in the ophthalmology clinic (it accounts for 30% of consultations). In recent years, its prevalence has increased and it ranks among the commonest ocular diseases worldwide.


The main clinical symptoms of dry eyes are a sensation of ocular dryness, grittiness and burning, which tend to worsen over the course of the day. It is also associated with fibrous secretions, transient blurred vision, redness and eyelid crusts.

Healthy habits

  • Avoid dry or very smoky environments.
  • Minimise your use of air conditioning and central heating.
  • Use humidifiers.
  • Blink frequently.
  • Take breaks from reading and screen usage approximately every half hour.
  • Hydrate the surface of your eye using moisturising eye drops.
  • Keep good eyelid hygiene.
  • Use contact lenses in moderation.


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