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Dermocosmetics Dermocosmetics

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Skin spots are pigmentation disorders and, though they are not usually harmful, they are non-aesthetic and a very inconvenient problem for those suffering from them. The spots usually appear in the most visible skin areas, such as the face, neckline, neck and hands. 

How do skin spots occur?

The skin has a constitutive colour, meaning a base colour determined by inheritance that depends on the type and amount of melanin it contains. 


Melanin is a set of pigments produced in the melanocytes, cells located in the basal layer of the epidermis.


There are two types of melanin: eumelanin (dark colour, black) and pheomelanin (reddish brown colour, blond). Mixtures of the two result in the eventual skin and hair colour. In addition to defining skin colour, melanin protects us against sun radiation through its filtering action.


When melanin is produced progressively and evenly, it is called tanning, but when it is distributed or synthesised abnormally, spots appear in the skin, such as lentigo or melasma.


The best recommendation to prevent the appearance of skin spots is to avoid sun exposure as much as possible, as sunlight causes them to become even darker.


In cases where spots have already appeared, it is necessary to establish how to try to remove them.



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