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Sleep disorders

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The amount and quality of sleep can be affected by biological, physical and psychological factors. Sleep disorders are a frequent reason for visits to the doctor. Insomnia is the most common disorder with the greatest health and social importance. It is estimated that around 30% of the general population has suffered from some form of insomnia: difficulty in falling asleep or staying asleep throughout the night and waking up early.

Sleep disorders not only affect sleep, but they can also have repercussions while we are awake: fatigue, poor concentration, drowsiness, mood swings such as irritability, dysphoria, tension, and even dysthymia or feeling down.

Types of insomnia

There are two types of insomnia: primary and secondary.

Primary insomnia is a disorder with an unknown cause, lasting at least four weeks and it can be related to stress, emotional disturbances, and changes in sleep rhythms such as those caused by night shift work schedules or travel.

Secondary insomnia is a consequence of another medical disorder. It is often a symptom of an emotional disorder such as depression or anxiety.

Tips for sleeping better

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