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Acne is one of the most common skin diseases. It generally starts during adolescence and affects both men and women equally, varying in severity. It usually disappears spontaneously at around 20 years of age, but it can persist for considerably longer.

It is estimated that acne affects 85% of the adolescent population, mainly on the face, and sometimes also on the chest, back and shoulders; these are areas where there are a high number of sebaceous glands. The typical acne lesions take place in the pilosebaceous follicle, the initial ones are the comedones (closed or open: “pimples") that can evolve into papules and pustules ("spots"), nodules and cysts (the latter in the most severe cases).

What are the causes of acne?

The processes that have to occur for the formation of the "spot" and which are the causes of acne are as follows:

Factors related to the appearance of acne

As it is a multifactorial disease, it can be enhanced or triggered for several reasons, such as:

Acne: Treatment

Acne treatments are not always the same and will depend on different factors.

Depending on the severity of the disease, which is assessed according to the presence of scars, the possible psychological effects it may produce and the failure of previous treatments, the patient can opt for topical therapy, oral treatment or surgical therapy.

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