Today, new lifestyles have made the sedentary lifestyle a truly global epidemic.
So much so that physical inactivity has emerged as one of the main risk factors that contribute to the onset of chronic diseases. Specifically, cardiovascular diseases, some types of cancer such as breast or colon cancer, obesity and type 2 diabetes.
Doing sport regularly is becoming an increasingly widespread habit among people of all ages. It is well-known that sport offers many physical and mental health benefits.
Beyond the benefits of exercise for cardiovascular health, it usually promotes a healthier lifestyle and reduces the chances of mortality from different causes, as well as the development of diseases such as strokes, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, colon or breast cancer and depression. It also helps to prevent falls and bone fractures.
At the same time, it improves cardiorespiratory and muscular shape, body mass and composition, as well as osteo-articular, functional and cognitive health.
However, it is important to be careful and to prevent any type of injury before and after doing sport in order to benefit from proper sporting health and a healthy lifestyle.
Muscle injuries are very common in the world of sport. The most recent epidemiological studies show that muscle injuries account for more than 30% of all sports injuries. Their incidence and topography are more frequent in the lower limbs, although they vary depending on the sport.
To prevent muscle injuries, it is important to always do specific warm-up exercises before starting the actual exercise. Warming up activates and prepares the muscles gradually, increasing their blood supply and minimising the risk of damage.
Also, at the end of training, it is essential to lower the rhythm progressively and never suddenly, and to dedicate a few minutes to stretching and massaging so as to relax the muscles and tissue that have been subjected to stress.
One of the most common skin conditions among those who exercise is chafing, which generally appears due to the constant and repetitive friction of the sports material used with the skin itself or due to trauma.
Keeping the skin well hydrated and applying specific creams in the risk areas, among other measures, helps to prevent chafing.
The sportsperson's foot
Wearing unsuitable footwear, the humid environments of the changing rooms, excessive sweating and a lack of hygiene or precautions, among other factors, encourage the development of certain frequent skin disorders on the sportsperson's feet.
There are many skin diseases that the sportsperson's feet may suffer from: blisters, helomas or calluses, mycoses, papillomas, ingrown toenails (due to the pressure of the shoe or badly cut edges), bruises and subungual granulomas, contact dermatitis, wounds, allergies, onychopathies (onychomycosis, onychodystrophies), warts, etc.
Caring for the feet is important to prevent injuries and protect them from the impact and friction caused by exercise.
Heat, physical exertion and emotional or nervous states are the main causes of excessive sweating. Many sportspersons suffer from the inconveniences of excessive sweating, which causes situations of discomfort and insecurity.
Using hygiene products specifically formulated to care for the sportsperson's skin is one of the keys to preventing this problem.